Current Projects

EUROCHAMP-2020 aims at further integrating the most advanced European atmospheric simulation chambers into a world-class infrastructure for research and innovation. The project is composed by a coordinated set of networking activities, which deliver improved chamber operability across the infrastructure, as well as standard protocols for data generation and analysis. Trans-national access is provided to sixteen different chambers and four calibration centres, becoming the core of the project. Joint research activities enhance the capability of the infrastructure to provide improved services for users. Cooperation with the private sector a fundamental pillar of the project, and it is necessary to exploit the innovation potential of the infrastructure by supporting development of scientific instruments, sensor technologies and de-polluting materials. Overall, EUROCHAMP-2020 has the goal to significantly enhance the capacity for exploring atmospheric processes and ensure that Europe retains its place in atmospheric simulation chamber research.

 

Biomass burning (BB) is a significant contributor to global atmospheric particulate matter, with strong impacts on climate, ecosystems and public health. Yet these impacts are highly uncertain, largely owing to our inability to track BB particulate matter and the evolution of their properties throughout most of its atmospheric lifetime. PyroTRACH will provide the necessary breakthroughs in our understanding of BB particles and their impacts by: i) deriving new markers of biomass burning with an atmospheric lifetime that exceeds the current limitation of about day, ii) measuring highly uncertain but critically-important climate- and health-relevant properties of aerosols both from wildfire events that occur during summertime and from BB for heating purposes during wintertime in highly populated urban environments, iii) applying this new knowledge to quantify the contribution of biomass burning to aerosol in the Mediterranean region, and quantify its impacts on climate and public health. Novel state-of-the-art instrumentation, portable environmental chambers and well established measurements techniques will be applied in continuous measurements as well as intensive field campaigns to study the properties and evolution of BB particulates as they age in the atmosphere. Considering the increasing occurrence of wildfires, along with decreased emissions from fossil fuels means that accurately predicting the health and climate effects from biomass burning aerosol is one of the most important aspects of atmospheric aerosol the needs to be studied. This project is funded by the European Research Council (ERC).

 

The Center for Air, Climate, and Energy Solutions is a new collaborative research center at Carnegie Mellon University created through a partnership with the Environmental Protection Agency. Issues like shale gas development, electric car subsidies, and power plants of the future raise air and and climate questions that require integrated thinking. The new Center will bring together experts to arrive at the best decisions.

In the center, experts and researchers will:

  • Measure air pollutant concentrations across the country to improve the health of vulnerable populations.
  • Develop and disseminate tools for scientists, policy makers, and citizens to predict the health impacts and social a costs of air pollution.
  • Evaluate the impact of future scenarios for electricity, transportation, and urban development on air quality and human health.
  • Quantify regional variation in mortality, heart disease, and other health conditions due to air pollution using novel national exposure and health data.
The ultimate goal is to create a cleaner, healthier environment.